Bringing you the "Good News" of Jesus Christ and His Church While PROMOTING CATHOLIC Apologetic Support groups loyal to the Holy Father and Church's magisterium
Home About
What's New? Resources The Church Family Life Mass and
Ask A Catholic
Knowledge base
AskACatholic Disclaimer
Search the
AskACatholic Database
Donate and
Support our work
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
New Questions
Cool Catholic Videos
About Saints
Disciplines and Practices for distinct Church seasons
Purgatory and Indulgences
About the Holy Mass
About Mary
Searching and Confused
Contemplating becoming a Catholic or Coming home
Homosexual and Gender Issues
Life, Dating, and Family
No Salvation Outside the Church
Sacred Scripture
non-Catholic Cults
Justification and Salvation
The Pope and Papacy
The Sacraments
Relationships and Marriage situations
Specific people, organizations and events
Doctrine and Teachings
Specific Practices
Church Internals
Church History

Berkan Marcus Sevindik wrote:

Hi, guys —

And thanks for reading my question.

I'm Catholic but I also believe in evolution and read Genesis allegorically. I have trouble understanding if there ever was a first human due to the gradual nature of evolution.

  • Please clarify this, starting from which point in evolution we become human and therefore are held accountable before God, and when the Resurrection starts applying to us?

  • Was humanity given to immortal souls as a whole group of millions of people, or
  • Was an immortal soul given to a single person among many, or
  • Perhaps to a single tribe?

I'm too confused and don't know how to reconcile Genesis with human evolution.

Thank you

Berkan Marcus

  { Can you help me understand how there ever was a first human due to the gradual nature of evolution? }

Bob replied:

Dear Berkan,

Thanks for the question. 

You raise questions that the Church has wrestled with and that probably everyone else has to one degree or another.

How I have resolved the question is simple: I no longer believe in evolution, at least not the way it is posited as the source of human development.  I hold to micro, not macro evolution.  In other words, species can adapt and mutate (by design), but the evidence is lacking for inter-species  mutation.

While the Church leaves us latitude to hold to the evolutionary theory so long as it recognizes the creator of all things, Pius XII dropped a bombshell on the Church with Humani Generis, No. 37 in the 50's when he said in essence,

"it is in no way apparent how the doctrine of original sin can be reconciled with the notion of multiple parents." 

This makes the notion of multiple parents irreconcilable with revelation.

The starting point for me in understanding the gaping flaws in evolution, and the positive evidence for design came from the work of Michael Behe in Darwin's Black Box.  He showed how evolution cannot account for irreducible complexity in biochemical systems that are the fundamental buildings blocks of life. Natural selection is predicated on adaptations that happen incrementally, essentially improving the beneficial function of the mutant — but minimal functionality must be present for a system to adapt; so, take away a part of the mousetrap and nothing serves as a (functional) basis for adaptation,  because all function is dependent of the synchronic contribution of each part.  Read his book (it's deeply scientific, but still digestible) to get the full argument.

Also, Fr. Michael Spitzer has done great work to show how quantum physics and science now shows how (according to a growing trend in science), creationism is more plausible as a explanatory tool than any other theory for the universe. Check out his website at Magis Center.

Likewise, the Discovery institute has published many peer reviewed works that give support to design. You can even find some very useful short videos as a primer to these topics on PragerU here:

I would suggest visiting their website or downloading the PragerU app to see many more shorts related.

Lastly, the doctrine of original sin, which requires an original set of parents, is central to the Gospel.  Christ is the "new Adam", and likewise, Mary, the "new Eve."  This fundamental correlation is not some fanciful theology, or a mere allegory, but recognition of a true design of our Heavenly Father in the plan of salvation.

Yes, the creation account is full of allegories, but that doesn't preclude real truths of history as well, such as there being:

  • first parents
  • a fall, and
  • an expulsion from the paradise of Eden, etc.

It has been true for most of the last century, if you profess belief in design, rather than evolution, you would be considered ignorant and backward, but that trend is changing as the science becomes more supportive of design.  The tables are turning, so do some homework and think about expanding your horizon to see the newer arguments from science.


Bob K.

Please report any and all typos or grammatical errors.
Suggestions for this web page and the web site can be sent to Mike Humphrey
© 2012 Panoramic Sites
The Early Church Fathers Church Fathers on the Primacy of Peter. The Early Church Fathers on the Catholic Church and the term Catholic. The Early Church Fathers on the importance of the Roman Catholic Church centered in Rome.